Toaster User Manual

Scott Rifenbark

Intel Corporation

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales as published by Creative Commons.

Manual Notes

Revision History
Revision 1.8April 2015
Released with the Yocto Project 1.8 Release.
Revision 2.0October 2015
Released with the Yocto Project 2.0 Release.
Revision 2.1April 2016
Released with the Yocto Project 2.1 Release.
Revision 2.2October 2016
Released with the Yocto Project 2.2 Release.
Revision 2.3May 2017
Released with the Yocto Project 2.3 Release.
Revision 2.4Usually October
Released with the Yocto Project 2.4 Release.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
1.1. Toaster Features
1.2. Installation Options
2. Preparing to Use Toaster
2.1. Setting Up the Basic System Requirements
2.2. Establishing Toaster System Dependencies
2.2.1. Install Toaster Packages
3. Setting Up and Using Toaster
3.1. Starting Toaster for Local Development
3.2. Setting a Different Port
3.3. Setting a Different Address
3.4. The Directory for Cloning Layers
3.5. The Build Directory
3.6. Creating a Django Superuser
3.7. Setting Up a Production Instance of Toaster
3.7.1. Requirements
3.7.2. Installation
3.8. Using the Toaster Web Interface
3.8.1. Toaster Web Interface Videos
3.8.2. Additional Information About the Local Yocto Project Release
3.8.3. Building a Specific Recipe Given Multiple Versions
4. Concepts and Reference
4.1. Layer Source
4.1.1. Setting Up and Using a Layer Source
4.2. Releases
4.2.1. Pre-Configured Releases
4.2.2. What Makes Up a Release?
4.3. JSON Files
4.3.1. Configuration File Choices
4.3.2. File Structure
4.4. Useful Commands
4.4.1. buildslist
4.4.2. builddelete
4.4.3. perf
4.4.4. checksettings
4.4.5. loadconf
4.4.6. runbuilds

Chapter 1. Introduction

Toaster is a web interface to the Yocto Project's OpenEmbedded build system. The interface enables you to configure and run your builds. Information about builds is collected and stored in a database. You can use Toaster to configure and start builds on multiple remote build servers.

1.1. Toaster Features

Toaster allows you to configure and run builds, and it provides extensive information about the build process.

  • Configure and Run Builds: You can use the Toaster web interface to configure and start your builds. Builds started using the Toaster web interface are organized into projects. When you create a project, you are asked to select a release, or version of the build system you want to use for the project builds. As shipped, Toaster supports Yocto Project releases 1.8 and beyond. With the Toaster web interface, you can:

    • Browse layers listed in the various layer sources that are available in your project (e.g. the OpenEmbedded Metadata Index at http://layers.openembedded.org/layerindex/).

    • Browse images, recipes, and machines provided by those layers.

    • Import your own layers for building.

    • Add and remove layers from your configuration.

    • Set configuration variables.

    • Select a target or multiple targets to build.

    • Start your builds.

    Toaster also allows you to configure and run your builds from the command line, and switch between the command line and the web interface at any time. Builds started from the command line appear within a special Toaster project called "Command line builds".

  • Information About the Build Process: Toaster also records extensive information about your builds. Toaster collects data for builds you start from the web interface and from the command line as long as Toaster is running.

    Note

    You must start Toaster before the build or it will not collect build data.

    With Toaster you can:

    • See what was built (recipes and packages) and what packages were installed into your final image.

    • Browse the directory structure of your image.

    • See the value of all variables in your build configuration, and which files set each value.

    • Examine error, warning, and trace messages to aid in debugging.

    • See information about the BitBake tasks executed and reused during your build, including those that used shared state.

    • See dependency relationships between recipes, packages, and tasks.

    • See performance information such as build time, task time, CPU usage, and disk I/O.

For an overview of Toaster shipped with the Yocto Project 2.4 Release, see the "Toaster - Yocto Project 2.2" video.

1.2. Installation Options

You can set Toaster up to run as a local instance or as a shared hosted service.

When Toaster is set up as a local instance, all the components reside on a single build host. Fundamentally, a local instance of Toaster is suited for a single user developing on a single build host.

Toaster as a hosted service is suited for multiple users developing across several build hosts. When Toaster is set up as a hosted service, its components can be spread across several machines:

Chapter 2. Preparing to Use Toaster

This chapter describes how you need to prepare your system in order to use Toaster.

2.1. Setting Up the Basic System Requirements

Before you can use Toaster, you need to first set up your build system to run the Yocto Project. To do this, follow the instructions in the "The Build Host Packages" and "Yocto Project Release" sections in the Yocto Project Quick Start. For Ubuntu/Debian, you might also need to do an additional install of pip3.

     $ sudo apt-get install python3-pip
                

2.2. Establishing Toaster System Dependencies

Toaster requires extra Python dependencies in order to run. A Toaster requirements file named toaster-requirements.txt defines the Python dependencies. The requirements file is located in the bitbake directory, which is located in the root directory of the Source Directory (e.g. poky/bitbake/toaster-requirements.txt). The dependencies appear in a pip, install-compatible format.

2.2.1. Install Toaster Packages

You need to install the packages that Toaster requires. Use this command:

     $ $ pip3 install --user -r bitbake/toaster-requirements.txt
                

The previous command installs the necessary Toaster modules into a local python 3 cache in your $HOME directory. The caches is actually located in $HOME/.local. To see what packages have been installed into your $HOME directory, do the following:

     $ pip3 list installed --local
                

If you need to remove something, the following works:

     $ pip3 uninstall PackageNameToUninstall
                

Chapter 3. Setting Up and Using Toaster

3.1. Starting Toaster for Local Development

Once you have set up the Yocto Project and installed the Toaster system dependencies as described in "Preparing to Use Toaster", you are ready to start Toaster.

Navigate to the root of your Source Directory (e.g. poky):

     $ cd poky
            

Once in that directory, source the build environment script:

     $ source oe-init-build-env
            

Next, from the build directory (e.g. poky/build), start Toaster using this command:

     $ source toaster start
            

You can now run your builds from the command line, or with Toaster as explained in section "Using the Toaster Web Interface".

To access the Toaster web interface, open your favorite browser and enter the following:

     http://127.0.0.1:8000
            

3.2. Setting a Different Port

By default, Toaster starts on port 8000. You can use the WEBPORT parameter to set a different port. For example, the following command sets the port to "8400":

     $ source toaster start webport=8400
            

3.3. Setting a Different Address

By default, Toaster binds to the loop back address (i.e. localhost). You can use the WEBPORT parameter to set a different host. For example, the following command sets the host and port to "0.0.0.0:8400":

     $ source toaster start webport=0.0.0.0:8400
            

3.4. The Directory for Cloning Layers

Toaster creates a _toaster_clones directory inside your Source Directory (i.e. poky) to clone any layers needed for your builds.

Alternatively, if you would like all of your Toaster related files and directories to be in a particular location other than the default, you can set the TOASTER_DIR environment variable, which takes precedence over your current working directory. Setting this environment variable causes Toaster to create and use $TOASTER_DIR./_toaster_clones.

3.5. The Build Directory

Toaster creates a build directory within your Source Directory (e.g. poky) to execute the builds.

Alternatively, if you would like all of your Toaster related files and directories to be in a particular location, you can set the TOASTER_DIR environment variable, which takes precedence over your current working directory. Setting this environment variable causes Toaster to use $TOASTER_DIR/build as the build directory.

3.6. Creating a Django Superuser

Toaster is built on the Django framework. Django provides an administration interface you can use to edit Toaster configuration parameters.

To access the Django administration interface, you must create a superuser by following these steps:

  1. If you used pip3, which is recommended, to set up the Toaster system dependencies, you need be sure the local user path is in your PATH list. To append the pip3 local user path, use the following command:

       $ export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.local/bin
                      

  2. From the directory containing the Toaster database, which by default is the Build Directory, invoke the createsuperuser command from manage.py:

       $ cd ~/poky/build
       $ ../bitbake/lib/toaster/manage.py createsuperuser
                      

  3. Django prompts you for the username, which you need to provide.

  4. Django prompts you for an email address, which is optional.

  5. Django prompts you for a password, which you must provide.

  6. Django prompts you to re-enter your password for verification.

After completing these steps, the following confirmation message appears:

   Superuser created successfully.
          

Creating a superuser allows you to access the Django administration interface through a browser. The URL for this interface is the same as the URL used for the Toaster instance with "/admin" on the end. For example, if you are running Toaster locally, use the following URL:

   http://127.0.0.1:8000/admin
          

You can use the Django administration interface to set Toaster configuration parameters such as the build directory, layer sources, default variable values, and BitBake versions.

3.7. Setting Up a Production Instance of Toaster

You can use a production instance of Toaster to share the Toaster instance with remote users, multiple users, or both. The production instance is also the setup that can handle heavier loads on the web service. Use the instructions in the following sections to set up Toaster to run builds through the Toaster web interface.

3.7.1. Requirements

Be sure you meet the following requirements:

Note

You must comply with all Apache, mod-wsgi, and Mysql requirements.

  • Have all the build requirements as described in "Setting Up the Basic System Requirements" chapter.

  • Have an Apache webserver.

  • Have mod-wsgi for the Apache webserver.

  • Use the Mysql database server.

  • If you are using Ubuntu 16.04, run the following:

       $ sudo apt-get install apache2 libapache2-mod-wsgi-py3 mysql-server python3-pip libmysqlclient-dev
                          

  • If you are using Fedora 24 or a RedHat distribution, run the following:

       $ sudo dnf install httpd python3-mod_wsgi python3-pip mariadb-server mariadb-devel python3-devel
                          

  • If you are using openSUSE Leap 42.1, run the following:

       $ sudo zypper install apache2 apache2-mod_wsgi-python3 python3-pip mariadb mariadb-client python3-devel
                          

3.7.2. Installation

Perform the following steps to install Toaster:

  1. Create toaster user and set its home directory to /var/www/toaster:

        $ sudo /usr/sbin/useradd toaster -md /var/www/toaster -s /bin/false
        $ sudo su - toaster -s /bin/bash
                          

  2. Checkout a copy of poky into the web server directory. You will be using /var/www/toaster:

       $ git clone git://git.yoctoproject.org/poky
       $ git checkout tbd
                          

  3. Install Toaster dependencies using the --user flag which keeps the Python packages isolated from your system-provided packages:

       $ cd /var/www/toaster/
       $ pip3 install --user -r ./poky/bitbake/toaster-requirements.txt
       $ pip3 install --user mysqlclient
                          

    Note

    Isolating these packages is not required but is recommended. Alternatively, you can use your operating system's package manager to install the packages.

  4. Configure Toaster by editing /var/www/toaster/poky/bitbake/lib/toaster/toastermain/settings.py as follows:

    • Edit the DATABASE settings:

         DATABASES = {
             'default': {
                 'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.mysql',
                 'NAME': 'toaster_data',
                 'USER': 'toaster',
                 'PASSWORD': 'yourpasswordhere',
                 'HOST': 'localhost',
                 'PORT': '3306',
            }
         }
                                    

    • Edit the SECRET_KEY:

         SECRET_KEY = 'your_secret_key'
                                    

    • Edit the STATIC_ROOT:

         STATIC_ROOT = '/var/www/toaster/static_files/'
                                    

  5. Add the database and user to the mysql server defined earlier:

       $ mysql -u root -p
       mysql> CREATE DATABASE toaster_data;
       mysql> CREATE USER 'toaster'@'localhost' identified by 'yourpasswordhere';
       mysql> GRANT all on toaster_data.* to 'toaster'@'localhost';
       mysql> quit
                          

  6. Get Toaster to create the database schema, default data, and gather the statically-served files:

       $ cd  /var/www/toaster/poky/
       $ ./bitbake/lib/toaster/manage.py migrate
       $ TOASTER_DIR=`pwd` TOASTER_CONF=./meta-poky/conf/toasterconf.json \
         ./bitbake/lib/toaster/manage.py checksettings
       $ ./bitbake/lib/toaster/manage.py collectstatic
                          

    For the above set of commands, after moving to the poky directory, the migrate command ensures the database schema has had changes propagated correctly (i.e. migrations).

    The next line sets the Toaster root directory TOASTER_DIR and the location of the Toaster configuration file TOASTER_CONF, which is relative to the Toaster root directory TOASTER_DIR. For more information on the Toaster configuration file TOASTER_CONF, see the JSON Files section of this manual.

    This line also runs the checksettings command, which configures the location of the Toaster Build directory. The Toaster root directory TOASTER_DIR determines where the Toaster build directory is created on the file system. In the example above, TOASTER_DIR is set as follows:

       /var/www/toaster/poky
                              

    This setting causes the Toaster build directory to be:

       /var/www/toaster/poky/build
                              

    Finally, the collectstatic command is a Django framework command that collects all the statically served files into a designated directory to be served up by the Apache web server as defined by STATIC_ROOT.

  7. Add an Apache configuration file for Toaster to your Apache web server's configuration directory. If you are using Ubuntu or Debian, put the file here:

       /etc/apache2/conf-available/toaster.conf
                          

    If you are using Fedora or RedHat, put it here:

       /etc/httpd/conf.d/toaster.conf
                          

    If you are using OpenSUSE, put it here:

       /etc/apache2/conf.d/toaster.conf
                          

    Following is a sample Apache configuration for Toaster you can follow:

       Alias /static /var/www/toaster/static_files
       <Directory /var/www/toaster/static_files>
               <IfModule mod_access_compat.c>
                       Order allow,deny
                       Allow from all
               </IfModule>
               <IfModule !mod_access_compat.c>
                       Require all granted
               </IfModule>
       </Directory>
    
       <Directory /var/www/toaster/poky/bitbake/lib/toaster/toastermain>
               <Files "wsgi.py">
                  Require all granted
               </Files>
       </Directory>
    
       WSGIDaemonProcess toaster_wsgi python-path=/var/www/toaster/poky/bitbake/lib/toaster:/var/www/toaster/.local/lib/python3.4/site-packages
    
       WSGIScriptAlias / "/var/www/toaster/poky/bitbake/lib/toaster/toastermain/wsgi.py"
       <Location />
           WSGIProcessGroup toaster_wsgi
       </Location>
                          

    If you are using Ubuntu or Debian, you will need to enable the config and module for Apache:

       $ sudo a2enmod wsgi
       $ sudo a2enconf toaster
       $ chmod +x bitbake/lib/toaster/toastermain/wsgi.py
                          

    Finally, restart Apache to make sure all new configuration is loaded. For Ubuntu, Debian, and OpenSUSE use:

       $ sudo service apache2 restart
                          

    For Fedora and RedHat use:

       $ sudo service httpd restart
                          

  8. Prepare the systemd service to run Toaster builds. Here is a sample configuration file for the service:

       [Unit]
       Description=Toaster runbuilds
    
       [Service]
       Type=forking
       User=toaster
       ExecStart=/usr/bin/screen -d -m -S runbuilds /var/www/toaster/poky/bitbake/lib/toaster/runbuilds-service.sh start
       ExecStop=/usr/bin/screen -S runbuilds -X quit
       WorkingDirectory=/var/www/toaster/poky
    
       [Install]
       WantedBy=multi-user.target
                          

    Prepare the runbuilds-service.sh script that you need to place in the /var/www/toaster/poky/bitbake/lib/toaster/ directory by setting up executable permissions:

       #!/bin/bash
    
       #export http_proxy=http://proxy.host.com:8080
       #export https_proxy=http://proxy.host.com:8080
       #export GIT_PROXY_COMMAND=$HOME/bin/gitproxy
    
       cd ~/poky/
       source ./oe-init-build-env build
       source ../bitbake/bin/toaster $1 noweb
       [ "$1" == 'start' ] && /bin/bash
                          

  9. Run the service:

       # service runbuilds start
                          

    Since the service is running in a detached screen session, you can attach to it using this command:

       $ sudo su - toaster
       $ screen -rS runbuilds
                          

    You can detach from the service again using "Ctrl-a" followed by "d" key combination.

You can now open up a browser and start using Toaster.

3.8. Using the Toaster Web Interface

The Toaster web interface allows you to do the following:

  • Browse published layers in the OpenEmbedded Metadata Index that are available for your selected version of the build system.

  • Import your own layers for building.

  • Add and remove layers from your configuration.

  • Set configuration variables.

  • Select a target or multiple targets to build.

  • Start your builds.

  • See what was built (recipes and packages) and what packages were installed into your final image.

  • Browse the directory structure of your image.

  • See the value of all variables in your build configuration, and which files set each value.

  • Examine error, warning and trace messages to aid in debugging.

  • See information about the BitBake tasks executed and reused during your build, including those that used shared state.

  • See dependency relationships between recipes, packages and tasks.

  • See performance information such as build time, task time, CPU usage, and disk I/O.

3.8.1. Toaster Web Interface Videos

Following are several videos that show how to use the Toaster GUI:

  • Build Configuration: This video overviews and demonstrates build configuration for Toaster.

  • Build Custom Layers: This video shows you how to build custom layers that are used with Toaster.

  • Toaster Homepage and Table Controls: This video goes over the Toaster entry page, and provides an overview of the data manipulation capabilities of Toaster, which include search, sorting and filtering by different criteria.

  • Build Dashboard: This video shows you the build dashboard, a page providing an overview of the information available for a selected build.

  • Image Information: This video walks through the information Toaster provides about images: packages installed and root file system.

  • Configuration: This video provides Toaster build configuration information.

  • Tasks: This video shows the information Toaster provides about the tasks run by the build system.

  • Recipes and Packages Built: This video shows the information Toaster provides about recipes and packages built.

  • Performance Data: This video shows the build performance data provided by Toaster.

3.8.2. Additional Information About the Local Yocto Project Release

This section only applies if you have set up Toaster for local development, as explained in the "Starting Toaster for Local Development" section.

When you create a project in Toaster, you will be asked to provide a name and to select a Yocto Project release. One of the release options you will find is called "Local Yocto Project".

When you select the "Local Yocto Project" release, Toaster will run your builds using the local Yocto Project clone you have in your computer: the same clone you are using to run Toaster. Unless you manually update this clone, your builds will always use the same Git revision.

If you select any of the other release options, Toaster will fetch the tip of your selected release from the upstream Yocto Project repository every time you run a build. Fetching this tip effectively means that if your selected release is updated upstream, the Git revision you are using for your builds will change. If you are doing development locally, you might not want this change to happen. In that case, the "Local Yocto Project" release might be the right choice.

However, the "Local Yocto Project" release will not provide you with any compatible layers, other than the three core layers that come with the Yocto Project:

If you want to build any other layers, you will need to manually import them into your Toaster project, using the "Import layer" page.

3.8.3. Building a Specific Recipe Given Multiple Versions

Occasionally, a layer might provide more than one version of the same recipe. For example, the openembedded-core layer provides two versions of the bash recipe (i.e. 3.2.48 and 4.3.30-r0) and two versions of the which recipe (i.e. 2.21 and 2.18). The following figure shows this exact scenario:

By default, the OpenEmbedded build system builds one of the two recipes. For the bash case, version 4.3.30-r0 is built by default. Unfortunately, Toaster as it exists, is not able to override the default recipe version. If you would like to build bash 3.2.48, you need to set the PREFERRED_VERSION variable. You can do so from Toaster, using the "Add variable" form, which is available in the "BitBake variables" page of the project configuration section as shown in the following screen:

To specify bash 3.2.48 as the version to build, enter "PREFERRED_VERSION_bash" in the "Variable" field, and "3.2.48" in the "Value" field. Next, click the "Add variable" button:

After clicking the "Add variable" button, the settings for PREFERRED_VERSION are added to the bottom of the BitBake variables list. With these settings, the OpenEmbedded build system builds the desired version of the recipe rather than the default version:

Chapter 4. Concepts and Reference

In order to configure and use Toaster, you should understand some concepts and have some basic command reference material available. This final chapter provides conceptual information on layer sources, releases, and JSON configuration files. Also provided is a quick look at some useful manage.py commands that are Toaster-specific. Information on manage.py commands does exist across the Web and the information in this manual by no means attempts to provide a command comprehensive reference.

4.1. Layer Source

In general, a "layer source" is a source of information about existing layers. In particular, we are concerned with layers that you can use with the Yocto Project and Toaster. This chapter describes a particular type of layer source called a "layer index."

A layer index is a web application that contains information about a set of custom layers. A good example of an existing layer index is the OpenEmbedded Metadata Index. A public instance of this layer index exists at http://layers.openembedded.org. You can find the code for this layer index's web application at http://git.yoctoproject.org/cgit/cgit.cgi/layerindex-web/.

When you tie a layer source into Toaster, it can query the layer source through a REST API, store the information about the layers in the Toaster database, and then show the information to users. Users are then able to view that information and build layers from Toaster itself without worrying about cloning or editing the BitBake layers configuration file bblayers.conf.

Tying a layer source into Toaster is convenient when you have many custom layers that need to be built on a regular basis by a community of developers. In fact, Toaster comes pre-configured with the OpenEmbedded Metadata Index.

Note

You do not have to use a layer source to use Toaster. Tying into a layer source is optional.

4.1.1. Setting Up and Using a Layer Source

To use your own layer source, you need to set up the layer source and then tie it into Toaster. This section describes how to tie into a layer index in a manner similar to the way Toaster ties into the OpenEmbedded Metadata Index.

4.1.1.1. Understanding Your Layers

The obvious first step for using a layer index is to have several custom layers that developers build and access using the Yocto Project on a regular basis. This set of layers needs to exist and you need to be familiar with where they reside. You will need that information when you set up the code for the web application that "hooks" into your set of layers.

For general information on layers, see the "BSP Layers" and "Using the Yocto Project's BSP Tools" sections in the Yocto Project Board Support Package (BSP) Developer's Guide.

4.1.1.2. Configuring Toaster to Hook Into Your Layer Index

If you want Toaster to use your layer index, you must host the web application in a server to which Toaster can connect. You also need to give Toaster the information about your layer index. In other words, you have to configure Toaster to use your layer index. This section describes two methods by which you can configure and use your layer index.

In the previous section, the code for the OpenEmbedded Metadata Index (i.e. http://layers.openembedded.org) was referenced. You can use this code, which is at http://git.yoctoproject.org/cgit/cgit.cgi/layerindex-web/, as a base to create your own layer index.

4.1.1.2.1. Use the Administration Interface

Access the administration interface through a browser by entering the URL of your Toaster instance and adding "/admin" to the end of the URL. As an example, if you are running Toaster locally, use the following URL:

     http://127.0.0.1:8000/admin
                        

The administration interface has a "Layer sources" section that includes an "Add layer source" button. Click that button and provide the required information. Make sure you select "layerindex" as the layer source type.

4.1.1.2.2. Use the toasterconf.json File

If you do not want to use the Administration Interface, you can edit the toasterconf.json file and reload it to Toaster.

The Toaster startup script in /bitbake/bin/toaster specifies the location of a Toaster configuration file toasterconf.json as the value of the TOASTER_CONF variable. This configuration file is used to set up the initial configuration values within the Toaster database including the layer sources. Two versions of the configuration file exist:

  • The first version of the file is found in the conf directory of the meta-poky layer (i.e. meta-poky/conf/toasterconf.json). This version contains the default Yocto Project configuration for Toaster.

  • The second version of the file is in the conf directory of the openembedded-core layer (i.e. meta/conf/toasterconf.json). This version contains the default OpenEmbedded configuration for Toaster.

4.1.1.2.3. Edit the Configuration File

Edit the version of the toasterconf.json file you used to set up your Toaster instance. In the file, you will find a section for layer sources such as the following:

    "layersources": [
        {
            "name": "Local Yocto Project",
            "sourcetype": "local",
            "apiurl": "../../",
            "branches": ["HEAD" ],
            "layers": [
                {
                    "name": "openembedded-core",
                    "local_path": "meta",
                    "vcs_url": "remote:origin",
                    "dirpath": "meta"
                },
                {
                    "name": "meta-poky",
                    "local_path": "meta-poky",
                    "vcs_url": "remote:origin",
                    "dirpath": "meta-poky"
                },
                {
                    "name": "meta-yocto-bsp",
                    "local_path": "meta-yocto-bsp",
                    "vcs_url": "remote:origin",
                    "dirpath": "meta-yocto-bsp"
                }

            ]
        },
        {
            "name": "OpenEmbedded",
            "sourcetype": "layerindex",
            "apiurl": "http://layers.openembedded.org/layerindex/api/",
            "branches": ["master", "jethro" ,"fido"]
        },
        {
            "name": "Imported layers",
            "sourcetype": "imported",
            "apiurl": "",
            "branches": ["master", "jethro","fido", "HEAD"]

        }
    ],
                        

You should add your own layer source to this section by following the same format used for the "OpenEmbedded" layer source shown above.

Give your layer source a name, provide the URL of your layer source API, use the source type "layerindex", and indicate which branches from your layer source you want to make available through Toaster. For example, the OpenEmbedded layer source makes available only its "master", "fido", and "jethro" branches.

The branches must match the branch you set when configuring your releases. For example, if you configure one release in Toaster by setting its branch to "branch-one" and you configure another release in Toaster by setting its branch to "branch-two", the branches in your layer source should be "branch-one" and "branch-two" as well. Doing so creates a connection between the releases and the layer information from your layer source. Thus, when users create a project with a given release, they will see the appropriate layers from your layer source. This connection ensures that only layers that are compatible with the selected project release can be selected for building.

Once you have added this information to the toasterconf.json file, save your changes.

In a terminal window, navigate to the directory that contains the Toaster database, which by default is the root of the Yocto Project Source Directory. Once you are located in that directory, run the "loadconf" command, which takes as an argument the full path to the toasterconf.json file you just edited. For example, if you cloned the poky repository and you edited the meta-poky/conf/toasterconf.json file, you would type something like the following:

     $ bitbake/lib/toaster/manage.py loadconf /home/scottrif/poky/meta-poky/conf/toasterconf.json
                        

After entering this command, you need to update the Toaster database with the information coming from your new layer source. To do that, you should run the "lsupdates" command from the directory that contains the Toaster database. Here is an example:

     $ bitbake/lib/toaster/manage.py lsupdates
                        

If Toaster can reach the API URL, you should see a message telling you that Toaster is updating the layer source information.

Once the information has been updated, verify the new layer information is available by using the Toaster web interface. To do that, visit the "All compatible layers" page inside a Toaster project. The layers from your layer source should be listed there.

4.2. Releases

When you create a Toaster project using the web interface, you are asked to choose a "Release." In the context of Toaster, the term "Release" refers to a set of layers and a BitBake version the OpenEmbedded build system uses to build something. As shipped, Toaster is pre-configured with releases that correspond to Yocto Project release branches. However, you can modify, delete, and create new releases according to your needs. This section provides some background information on releases.

4.2.1. Pre-Configured Releases

As shipped, Toaster is configured to use a specific set of releases. Of course, you can always configure Toaster to use any release. For example, you might want your project to build against a specific commit of any of the "out-of-the-box" releases. Or, you might want your project to build against different revisions of OpenEmbedded and BitBake.

As shipped, Toaster is configured to work with the following releases:

4.2.2. What Makes Up a Release?

A release consists of the following:

  • Name: The name of the release (name). This release name never appears in the the Toaster web interface. Consequently, a user never sees the release name.

  • Description: The textual description of the release (description). This description is what users encounter when creating projects with the Toaster web interface. When you configure your release, be sure to use a description that sufficiently describes and is understandable. If Toaster has more than one release configured, the release descriptions appear listed in a drop down menu when a user creates a new project. If Toaster has only one release configured, all projects created using the web interface take that release and the drop down menu does not display in the Toaster web interface.

  • BitBake: The Bitbake version (bitbake) used to build layers set in the current release. This version is described by a name, a Git URL, a branch in the Git URL, and a directory path in the Git repository. As an example, consider the following snippet from a Toaster JSON configuration file. This BitBake version uses the master branch from the OpenEmbedded repository:

         "bitbake" : [
             {
                 "name": "master",
                 "giturl": "git://git.openembedded.org/bitbake",
                 "branch": "master",
                 "dirpath": ""
             }
         ]
                            

    Here is more detail on each of the items that comprise the BitBake version:

    • Name: A string (name) used to refer to the version of BitBake you are using with Toaster. This name is never exposed through Toaster.

    • Git URL: The URL (giturl) for the BitBake Git repository cloned for Toaster projects.

    • Branch: The Git branch, or revision, (branch) of the BitBake repository used with Toaster.

    • Directory Path: The sub-directory of the BitBake repository (dirpath). If the Git URL includes more than one repository, you need to set this directory. If the URL does not include more than a single repository, you can set dirpath to a null string (i.e. "").

  • Branch: The branch for the layer source (branch) used with the release. For example, for the OpenEmbedded layer source, the "master", "fido", and "jethro" branches are available.

  • Default Layers: The set of default layers (defaultlayers) automatically added to the project configuration when a project is created.

  • Layer Source Priorities A specification of layer source priorities (layersourcepriority). In order for Toaster to work as intended, the "Imported layers" layer source should have the highest priority, which means that layers manually imported by users with the "Import layer" functionality will always be visible and available for selection.

  • Help Text: Help text (helptext) that explains what the release does when selected. This help text appears below the release drop-down menu when you create a Toaster project. The help text should assist users in making the correct decision regarding the release to use for a given project.

To summarize what comprises a release, consider the following example from a Toaster JSON file. The configuration names the release "master" and uses the "master" branch provided by the layer source of type "layerindex", which is called "OpenEmbedded", and sets the openembedded-core layer as the one to be added by default to any projects created in Toaster. The BitBake version used would be defined as shown earlier in the previous list:

     "releases": [
         {
             "name": "master",
             "description": "OpenEmbedded master",
             "bitbake": "master",
             "branch": "master",
             "defaultlayers": [ "openembedded-core" ],
             "layersourcepriority": { "Imported layers": 99, "Local OpenEmbedded" : 10, "OpenEmbedded" :  0 },
             "helptext": "Toaster will run your builds using the tip of the <a href=\"http://git.yoctoproject.org/cgit/cgit.cgi/poky/log/\">Yocto Project master branch</a>, where active development takes place. This is not a stable branch, so your builds might not work as expected."
         }
     ]
                

4.3. JSON Files

You must configure Toaster before using it. Configuration customizes layer source settings and Toaster defaults for all users and is performed by the person responsible for Toaster Configuration (i.e the Toaster Administrator). The Toaster Administrator performs this configuration through the Django administration interface.

To make it easier to initially start Toaster, you can import a pre-defined configuration file using the loadconf command.

Note

The configuration file is a JSON-formatted text file with specific fields that Toaster recognizes. It is not a data dump from the database, so it cannot be loaded directly in the database.

By convention, the supplied configuration files are named toasterconf.json. The Toaster Administrator can customize the file prior to loading it into Toaster. The TOASTER_CONF variable in the Toaster startup script at bitbake/bin/toaster specifies the location of the toasterconf.json file.

4.3.1. Configuration File Choices

Two versions of the configuration file exist:

  • The meta-poky/conf/toasterconf.json in the conf directory of the Yocto Project's meta-poky layer. This version contains the default Yocto Project configuration for Toaster. You are prompted to select this file during the Toaster set up process if you cloned the poky repository (i.e. http://git.yoctoproject.org/poky).

  • The meta/conf/toasterconf.json in the conf directory of the OpenEmbedded's openembedded-core layer. This version contains the default OpenEmbedded configuration for Toaster. You are prompted to select this file during the Toaster set up process if you had cloned the openembedded-core repository (i.e. git://git.openembedded.org/openembedded-core).

4.3.2. File Structure

The toasterconf.json file consists of easily readable areas: configuration, layer sources, BitBake, default release, and releases.

4.3.2.1. Configuration Area

This area of the JSON file sets which variables are exposed to users through the Toaster web interface. Users can easily edit these variables.

The variables you set here are displayed in the "Configuration variables" page in Toaster. Minimally, you should set the MACHINE variable, which appears to users as part of the project page in Toaster.

Here is the default config area:

     "config": {
         "MACHINE"      : "qemux86",
         "DISTRO"       : "poky",
         "IMAGE_FSTYPES": "ext3 jffs2 tar.bz2",
         "IMAGE_INSTALL_append": "",
         "PACKAGE_CLASSES": "package_rpm",
     },
                    

4.3.2.2. Layer Sources Area

This area of the JSON file defines the layer sources Toaster uses. Toaster reads layer information from layer sources. Three types of layer sources exist that Toaster recognizes: Local, LayerIndex, and Imported.

The Local layer source reads layers from Git clones available on your local drive. Using a local layer source enables you to easily test Toaster.

Note

If you are setting up a hosted version of Toaster, it does not make sense to have a local layer source.

The LayerIndex layer source uses a REST API exposed by instances of the Layer Index application (e.g the public http://layers.openembedded.org/) to read layer data.

The Imported layer source is reserved for layer data manually introduced by the user or Toaster Administrator through the GUI. This layer source lets users import their own layers and build them with Toaster. You should not remove the imported layer source.

Here is the default layersources area:

    "layersources": [
        {
            "name": "Local Yocto Project",
            "sourcetype": "local",
            "apiurl": "../../",
            "branches": ["HEAD" ],
            "layers": [
                {
                    "name": "openembedded-core",
                    "local_path": "meta",
                    "vcs_url": "remote:origin",
                    "dirpath": "meta"
                },
                {
                    "name": "meta-poky",
                    "local_path": "meta-poky",
                    "vcs_url": "remote:origin",
                    "dirpath": "meta-poky"
                },
                {
                    "name": "meta-yocto-bsp",
                    "local_path": "meta-yocto-bsp",
                    "vcs_url": "remote:origin",
                    "dirpath": "meta-yocto-bsp"
                }

            ]
        },
        {
            "name": "OpenEmbedded",
            "sourcetype": "layerindex",
            "apiurl": "http://layers.openembedded.org/layerindex/api/",
            "branches": ["master", "jethro" ,"fido"]
        },
        {
            "name": "Imported layers",
            "sourcetype": "imported",
            "apiurl": "",
            "branches": ["master", "jethro","fido", "HEAD"]

        }
    ],
                    

4.3.2.3. BitBake Area

This area of the JSON file defines the version of BitBake Toaster uses. As shipped, Toaster is configured to recognize four versions of BitBake: master, fido, jethro, and HEAD.

Note

HEAD is a special option that builds whatever is available on disk, without checking out any remote Git repositories.

Here is the default bitbake area:

     "bitbake" : [
         {
             "name": "master",
             "giturl": "remote:origin",
             "branch": "master",
             "dirpath": "bitbake"
         },
        {
             "name": "jethro",
             "giturl": "remote:origin",
             "branch": "jethro",
             "dirpath": "bitbake"
         },
         {
             "name": "fido",
             "giturl": "remote:origin",
             "branch": "fido",
            "dirpath": "bitbake"
        },
         {
             "name": "HEAD",
             "giturl": "remote:origin",
             "branch": "HEAD",
             "dirpath": "bitbake"
         }
     ],
                    

4.3.2.4. Default Area

This area of the JSON file establishes a default release used by Toaster. As shipped, Toaster uses the "master" release.

Here is the statement in the JSON file that establishes the default release:

     "defaultrelease": "master",
                    

4.3.2.5. Releases Area

This area of the JSON file defines the versions of the OpenEmbedded build system Toaster recognizes. As shipped, Toaster is configured to work with the four releases described in the "Pre-Configured Releases" section.

Here is the default releases area:

     "releases": [
         {
             "name": "master",
             "description": "Yocto Project master",
             "bitbake": "master",
             "branch": "master",
             "defaultlayers": [ "openembedded-core", "meta-poky", "meta-yocto-bsp"],
             "layersourcepriority": { "Imported layers": 99, "Local Yocto Project" : 10, "OpenEmbedded" :  0 },
             "helptext": "Toaster will run your builds using the tip of the <a href=\"http://git.yoctoproject.org/cgit/cgit.cgi/poky/log/\">Yocto Project master branch</a>, where active development takes place. This is not a stable branch, so your builds might not work as expected."
         },
         {
             "name": "jethro",
             "description": "Yocto Project 2.0 Jethro",
             "bitbake": "jethro",
             "branch": "jethro",
             "defaultlayers": [ "openembedded-core", "meta-poky", "meta-yocto-bsp"],
             "layersourcepriority": { "Imported layers": 99, "Local Yocto Project" : 10, "OpenEmbedded" :  0 },
             "helptext": "Toaster will run your builds with the tip of the <a href=\"http://git.yoctoproject.org/cgit/cgit.cgi/poky/log/?h=jethro\">Yocto Project 2.0 \"Jethro\"</a> branch."
         },
         {
             "name": "fido",
             "description": "Yocto Project 1.8 Fido",
             "bitbake": "fido",
             "branch": "fido",
             "defaultlayers": [ "openembedded-core", "meta-poky", "meta-yocto-bsp"],
             "layersourcepriority": { "Imported layers": 99, "Local Yocto Project" : 10, "OpenEmbedded" :  0 },
             "helptext": "Toaster will run your builds with the tip of the <a href=\"http://git.yoctoproject.org/cgit/cgit.cgi/poky/log/?h=fido\">Yocto Project 1.8 \"Fido\"</a> branch."
         },
         {
             "name": "local",
             "description": "Local Yocto Project",
             "bitbake": "HEAD",
             "branch": "HEAD",
             "defaultlayers": [ "openembedded-core", "meta-poky", "meta-yocto-bsp"],
             "layersourcepriority": { "Imported layers": 99, "Local Yocto Project" : 10, "OpenEmbedded" :  0 },
             "helptext": "Toaster will run your builds with the version of the Yocto Project you have cloned or downloaded to your computer."
         }
     ]
                    

4.4. Useful Commands

In addition to the web user interface and the scripts that start and stop Toaster, command-line commands exist through the manage.py management script. You can find general documentation on manage.py at the Django site. However, several manage.py commands have been created that are specific to Toaster and are used to control configuration and back-end tasks. You can locate these commands in the Source Directory (e.g. poky) at bitbake/lib/manage.py. This section documents those commands.

Note

When using manage.py commands given a default configuration, you must be sure that your working directory is set to the Build Directory. Using manage.py commands from the Build Directory allows Toaster to find the toaster.sqlite file, which is located in the Build Directory.

For non-default database configurations, it is possible that you can use manage.py commands from a directory other than the Build directory. To do so, the toastermain/settings.py file must be configured to point to the correct database backend.

4.4.1. buildslist

The buildslist command lists all builds that Toaster has recorded. Access the command as follows:

     $ bitbake/lib/toaster/manage.py buildslist
                

The command returns a list, which includes numeric identifications, of the builds that Toaster has recorded in the current database.

You need to run the buildslist command first to identify existing builds in the database before using the builddelete command. Here is an example that assumes default repository and build directory names:

     $ cd ~/poky/build
     $ python ../bitbake/lib/toaster/manage.py buildslist
                

If your Toaster database had only one build, the above buildslist command would return something like the following:

     1: qemux86 poky core-image-minimal
                

4.4.2. builddelete

The builddelete command deletes data associated with a build. Access the command as follows:

     $ bitbake/lib/toaster/manage.py builddelete build_id
                

The command deletes all the build data for the specified build_id. This command is useful for removing old and unused data from the database.

Prior to running the builddelete command, you need to get the ID associated with builds by using the buildslist command.

4.4.3. perf

The perf command measures Toaster performance. Access the command as follows:

     $ bitbake/lib/toaster/manage.py perf
                

The command is a sanity check that returns page loading times in order to identify performance problems.

4.4.4. checksettings

The checksettings command verifies existing Toaster settings. Access the command as follows:

     $ bitbake/lib/toaster/manage.py checksettings
                

Toaster uses settings that are based on the database to configure the building tasks. The checksettings command verifies that the database settings are valid in the sense that they have the minimal information needed to start a build.

In order for the checksettings command to work, the database must be correctly set up and not have existing data. To be sure the database is ready, you can run the following:

     $ bitbake/lib/toaster/mana​ge.py syncdb
     $ bitbake/lib/toaster/mana​ge.py migrate orm
     $ bitbake/lib/toaster/mana​ge.py migrate bldcontrol
                

After running these commands, you can run the checksettings command.

4.4.5. loadconf

The loadconf command loads an existing Toaster configuration file (JSON file). You must run this on a new database that does not have any data. Running this command on an existing database that has data results in errors. Access the command as follows:

     $ bitbake/lib/toaster/manage.py loadconf filepath
                

The loadconf command configures a database based on the supplied existing toasterconf.json file. For information on the toasterconf.json, see the "JSON Files" section.

4.4.6. runbuilds

The runbuilds command launches scheduled builds. Access the command as follows:

     $ bitbake/lib/toaster/manage.py runbuilds
                

The runbuilds command checks if scheduled builds exist in the database and then launches them per schedule. The command returns after the builds start but before they complete. The Toaster Logging Interface records and updates the database when the builds complete.